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What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension caused by anticipation of an ill-defined threat or danger that is not realistically based. It's characterised by feelings of worry, nervousness, or fear that are strong enough to interfere with one's daily activities. There are different types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

Normal and Abnormal Anxiety

Happy events like getting a promotion or celebrating an important milestone can bring up anxiety and all of this is just part of being human.

However, it becomes a problem when the anxiety becomes abnormally severe, pervasive, persistent, irrational and handicapping. As a result, it interferes with social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.

Types of Anxiety

  1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

  2. Panic Disorder

  3. Phobia Disorders

  4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCD)

  5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Physical Symptoms of Anxiety

  • Dry mouth

  • Palpitations

  • Restlessness, tremor

  • Gastrointestinal discomfort

  • Headache

  • Breathlessness

  • Muscle tension

  • Chest tightness

Psychological Symptoms of Anxiety

  • Restlessness or feeling on edge

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Irritability

  • Insomnia

  • Inability to concentrate

  • Feelings of worthlessness, helplessness or apprehension

  • Overthinking plans with all possible worst case scenario

  • Indecisiveness and fear of making the wrong decision

Coping Strategies

  • Mindfulness and Meditation: Practices like mindfulness meditation can help you focus on the present moment and reduce anxiety.

  • Deep Breathing Exercises: Techniques such as diaphragmatic breathing can help calm your nervous system.

  • Physical Activity: Regular exercise can help reduce anxiety by releasing endorphins and other natural chemicals that improve mood.

  • Adequate Sleep: Ensuring you get enough sleep is crucial for managing anxiety. Develop a regular sleep routine.

  • Limiting Caffeine and Alcohol: Both can exacerbate anxiety symptoms.

  • Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed by a healthcare provider to help manage symptoms.

  • Social Support: Talking to friends, family, or support groups can provide emotional support and practical advice.

  • Professional Help: Seeing a therapist or counsellor can be very effective. Contact us for an appointment


Understanding the different types of anxiety, recognizing the symptoms, and knowing effective coping strategies are crucial steps in managing anxiety. If you or someone you know is struggling with anxiety, remember that help is available and seeking professional support can make a significant difference.


​Care Alliance Counselling provides psychotherapy and counselling services for various kinds of anxiety including generalised  anxiety disorder, phobias, adjustment anxiety, social anxiety and anxiety over flying. Contact us for an appointment here.

Care Alliance Counselling - Where Healing Begins

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